TRIPS obligations apply equally to all Member States, but developing countries have been given additional time to implement the existing changes to their national legislation in two transitional stages depending on their level of development. The transition period for developing countries expired in 2005. The transition period for the least developed countries for the implementation of TRIPS has been extended until 2013 and until 1 January 2016 for pharmaceutical patents, with the possibility of further extension.  Finally, on 6 December 2005, WTO members completed their access to the drug negotiations when the General Council adopted, by decision of 6 December 2005, a protocol amending the TRIPS Agreement (WT/L/641). The protocol may be adopted by members until December 31, 2013 or at a later date, as decided by the Ministerial Conference. The aim is to ensure that minimum standards of protection are organised in all WTO members. The starting point is the commitment of the main international agreements of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) that existed before the creation of the WTO: what are the minimum standards for intellectual property rights that TRIPS members should make available requires Member States to strongly protect intellectual property rights. For example, TRIPS: the main forum for working on the TRIPS agreement is the TRIPS Council created by the WTO agreement. The TRIPS Board is responsible for managing the TRIPS agreement. In particular, it monitors the functioning of the agreement. In its regular meetings, the TRIPS COUNCIL serves primarily as a forum for discussion among WTO members on key issues.
The TRIPS Council also meets in “extraordinary sessions.” These are intended for the negotiation of a multilateral system for notification and registration of geographical indications for wines and spirits. Canada welcomed the agreement as positive evidence of how WTO members can work together to meet the needs of developing and least developed countries. Unlike other IP agreements, TRIPS have an effective enforcement mechanism. States can be disciplined by the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. The way in which intellectual property disputes between members of the 2003 WTO agreement were resolved has relaxed internal market requirements and allowed developing countries to export to other countries with public health problems until exported drugs are part of a trade or industrial policy.  Drugs exported under such regulations may be packaged or coloured differently to prevent them from affecting the markets of industrialized countries. what procedures members should provide for in enforcing these rights on their own territory, in particular, WTO members are required to grant copyrights covering authors and other copyright holders as well as neighbouring rights holders, i.e. performers, phonograms and broadcasters; Geographical indications Industrial designs; Built-in switching designs Patents New plant varieties Brands; Trade names and undisclosed or confidential information. TRIPS also defines enforcement procedures, remedies and dispute resolution procedures. The protection and enforcement of all intellectual property rights must be consistent with the objectives that contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual benefit of producers and users of technological knowledge, and in a way that promotes social and economic well-being, and a balance of rights and obligations.